Former Fitzroy Gasworks Remediation

Former Fitzroy Gasworks Remediation

The former Fitzroy Gasworks site has a long industrial history and is heavily contaminated. To ensure the site is clean and safe for future development, the Environment Protection Authority Victoria (EPA) has issued a clean-up notice. Enviropacific has been appointed by the State Government to remediate the site

Detailed information regarding the remediation process is provided below, including:

  7. FAQs

Why the site is being cleaned up

Historical gasworks activities at 433 Smith Street and 111 Queens Parade, Fitzroy North have resulted in soil and groundwater contamination.

Built in 1859, the Fitzroy Gasworks was a key supplier of gas to the Melbourne area, until production ceased in 1927, with the site remaining operational as a workshop and gas storage facility until the 1970s. The site was redeveloped into its current layout in the early 1980s.

The site comprises two parcels of land, the former gasworks, previously occupied by light industrial units, and Yarra Council’s public works depot. Structures in the form of the Valve House and a Porter Prefabricated Iron Store were assessed as being of historical and social significance.

EPA Victoria issued a clean-up notice for the site in 2014, with works initiated to address the requirements of this notice. Department of Treasury and Finance has appointed Enviropacific to complete remediation of the site under the supervision of an EPA accredited auditor. Remediation works were undertaken across the former gasworks and Council depot sites, as both areas were affected by contamination.  The former Council depot site has been successfully remediated, enabling the Victorian Government to construct a new vertical secondary college. Remediation works continue within the former gasworks site, enabling its future redevelopment by Development Victoria.

Enviropacific is a privately owned, market-leading, specialist infrastructure service provider, delivering sustainable engineering and applied science solutions to make environments and communities safer and healthier. The company was formed in 2001 and has extensive national experience in the remediation of contaminated sites similar to the former Fitzroy Gasworks. Enviropacific leverages industry knowledge, expertise and project management to improve environments and to help stop, prevent and reverse environmental damage.

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Outcomes of the remediation process

Remediation of the former Fitzroy Gasworks will involve a range of activities on site, with the aim of achieving a statement of environmental audit. This audit will determine that the site is suitable for future development.  The statement of environmental audit has been achieved on the former Council depot segment of the site.

Remediation activities will achieve the following outcomes:

  • Soil quality being suitable for development
  • Groundwater quality being suitable for development
  • Mitigation and management of residual soil vapour

Protection of the existing community and future residents that may one day live on the site

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Overview of the site and remediation areas

The site is located in Fitzroy North, at 433 Smith Street and 111 Queens Parade, and has an area of 3.9 hectares. It is surrounded by the suburbs of Fitzroy, Clifton Hill, and Collingwood. A map is provided below showing the site and adjacent roads: Smith Street, George Street, Queens Parade and Alexandra Parade.

Map of the former Fitzroy Gasworks. Site A – Council Depot Site, Site B – Former Gasworks Site.

Soil investigations have identified contamination in fill, natural clay, underlying rock across the site, and groundwater. Contamination can be traced back to historical land-use and activities, with the highest concentrations of contaminants located in or around the footprints of the three former gas holders, located along the southern boundary of the site, along Alexandra Parade.

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Remediation Phases

Remediation of the former Fitzroy Gasworks site involves four phases which are outlined below. Phase 1A, Phase 1B, Phase 2 are for the former gasworks and former council depot remediation. Phase 3 is for the additional works within the former gasworks.

Phase 1A: Development of a Draft Strategy (complete)
(June-August 2018)

Phase 1A set the foundation for the project through preparation of the draft Remediation Action Plan and the analysis of data from prior investigations to develop a Data Gap Analysis report. Preparatory planning documents, including a draft Asset Protection Plan, draft Cultural Heritage Management Plan and a draft Interim Works Plan (outlining the site conditions at the completion of the remedial works) were developed as part of Phase 1A. An independent EPA auditor was appointed to verify and approve the remediation, certifying the final condition of the site is suitable for the future land-use.

Phase 1B: Site Investigation and Strategy Finalisation (complete) (September-December 2018)

During Phase 1B, Enviropacific conducted additional site investigation and developed a finalised remedial strategy with an associated program of works.

Site Investigation

Significant localised contamination has been observed across the site. Earlier investigations had identified 11 targeted remedial areas. During Phase 1B, Enviropacific conducted an additional investigation program in accordance with the Data Gap Analysis report to determine the full extent of contamination on site and to identify any other potential contaminants of concern. Four new remedial areas were identified and can be seen in the updated map of remediation areas below.

Left: Original Remediation Areas. Right: Updated Remediation Areas

Works undertaken during Phase 1B included:

  • Field visits and investigations by project team members including heritage consultants, flora and fauna specialists, and the EPA auditor
  • Drilling sample boreholes using a mobile drilling rig (geoprobe or similar) within the vicinity of the three gasholders and within the footprint of the existing buildings
  • Test pit excavations that further investigated and visually inspected the underlying geology
  • Hand-augering holes for additional soil testing above major utilities that run north to south through the centre of the site


The key contaminants in soil at the site are:

  • Coal tar
  • Associated organics including Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Benzene, Ethylbenzene, Toluene, Xylenes, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Cement bounded asbestos has been found in four locations (asbestos was removed from buildings prior to demolition)

The key contaminants in groundwater at the site are:

  • Coal tar
  • Benzene
  • Naphthalene
  • Ammonia
  • Cyanide

Results of Phase 1B

The results of the investigations enabled the finalisation of the Remediation Action Plan and provided additional information to finalise the specifications in relation to demolition, retention, excavation and the remediation process.

Prior to the commencement of remediation works, site management plans and procedures were prepared by Enviropacific and approved by the site Superintendent. Selected documents were approved by government bodies (Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning and City of Yarra).

These plans and procedures describe the methods in which the site is established, managed and maintained throughout the remedial works.

Phase 2: Remediation Works Phase 2 (complete)

Former Council Depot (May 2019- Mid 2020)

Phase 2 remediation works have now been completed. These works included demolition of buildings and concrete slabs; excavation and removal of soil; and the transfer of soil to an approved processing facility.

This statement of environmental audit has been obtained, enabling the current redevelopment works to begin.

The Porter Prefabricated Iron Store was removed from its current location to allow for site remediation works. Development Victoria have completed extensive refurbishment of the structure and have relocated it to a new location in Fairfield Park to enable the community to appreciate it for many years to come.

The Valve House was retained due to its historical and cultural significance and will incorporated into the future development.

Phase 3: Additional Works Scope (June 2021 – Early 2022)

In June 2021, Enviropacific Services was engaged by the Department of Treasury and Finance to carry out additional excavation and remediation works. This includes additional excavation and remediation works to facilitate future basement construction as part of the development, allowing management of any further contamination by a remediation specialist rather than a construction contractor.

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Current and Upcoming Activities

Below is an overview of the methods and activities you may see occur on the site during completion of remediation in Phase 3.

Site Hoarding

A 2.4-metre-high hoarding has been constructed around the site. This hoarding will protect the site, provide security, and may also be used to provide ongoing information relating to the remedial program.

Retention Wall

The former gas holder infrastructure is located in close proximity to the Alexandra Parade boundary and the heritage listed Valve House and, as such, a retention system was required to facilitate excavation to depth in these areas. A temporary retention system was designed and approved by all the relevant parties to enable safe excavation to remove contamination.  The retention system comprised of bored piles with a capping beam, anchors and shotcreting. This structure ensured any adjacent infrastructure would be protected during the remedial works. The proposed additional works will continue to utilise this structure.

Excavation Works

Remediation in Phase 2 required excavation and removal of soil to a depth of up to 9 metres below the former ground level in some areas of the site. Phase 3 remediation includes further rock removal adjacent to the former gasworks infrastructure, to enable the future double basements, approximately 6m below the Alexandra Parade footpath level. These additional remediation activities are in progress and are expected to be complete in early 2022.

An estimated 80,000m3 of gasworks impacted materials will be removed from the site, the same volume as nearly thirty-two Olympic sized swimming pools.

Odour Control Enclosure (OCE)

Odour Control Enclosures (OCE) have been implemented as the primary method of controlling gasworks odours. The OCE is a large, temporary, semi-rigid and negatively pressurised marquee style structures.

Once excavated, all materials are placed into EPA licensed trucks and covered to minimise potential for fugitive emissions during transport. Materials will be loaded inside the OCE structures, with vehicles entering via fast action roller doors.

Off-site Soil Treatment

Contaminated soil is transported to Enviropacific’s soil and waste treatment facility, SOLVE, located in Altona, Victoria. The SOLVE facility applies the most advanced direct thermal desorption (DTD) treatment technology. The DTD plant is a fully enclosed system, operated under strict EPA Victoria guidelines.As part of the basement excavation, material will also be disposed to landfill as part of this stage of works.

Emission Control System (ECS)

The OCEs are fitted with Emission Control Systems (ECS) providing air filtration to maintain a safe working atmosphere within the enclosures for site personnel and to mitigate the release of potentially harmful emissions to the surrounding atmosphere.

The ECS extracts the contaminated and odorous atmosphere within the OCE and filters the vapour through carbon beds and high efficiency particle air (HEPA) filters, resulting in clean air being discharged to the atmosphere. Monitoring of the ECS discharge air is conducted daily.

Water Treatment

A purpose-built Water Treatment Plant has been constructed on site to treat impacted surface or groundwater. All encountered water, including stormwater has been collected, treated and then analysed to confirm its suitability to be discharged to sewer in accordance with regulations.

Selective Vegetation Removal

Trees have been removed as part of the remediation works to satisfy the requirements of the EPA clean-up notice. To mitigate the loss of the existing vegetation, Development Victoria is committed to replacing trees on a minimum one-to-one basis. More information about tree planting will be available in the Development Plan for the site, once this is finalised. A Vegetation Management Plan was implemented to ensure that protocols and permitting requirements for the removal of any unprotected trees were followed.

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What is remediation and why does it need to take place?

Remediation is the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental sources such as soil, groundwater, sediment or surface water.

In 2014, the EPA issued a Clean Up Notice and extensive remediation is required to create a safe and clean environment for future development.

The removal of this contaminated soil will deliver a cleaner, safer environment for the people of Fitzroy North and surrounds.


How long is remediation going to take place?

We estimate that remediation works will take approximately three years. Remediation works commenced in May 2019 and are expected to conclude in early 2022.

The works will be delivered in four phases:

  • Phases 1A and 1B works involved site testing to confirm the extent of ground contamination and finalisation of a Remediation Action Plan for approval by the EPA.
  • Phase 2 works involved the excavation of contaminated material to a depth of up to 10m. The materials will then be removed to an off-site licensed processing facility.
  • Phase 3 (additional works scope) commenced in June 2021. Additional excavation and remediation works are required to facilitate future basement construction as part of the development, allowing management of any further contamination by a remediation specialist rather than a construction contractor.


What noise will be created during this process and what are you doing to mitigate excessive noise?

The main sources of noise are truck movements to and from site, demolition, piling and concrete breaking. Noise and acoustic controls have been established in accordance with the approved Construction Environmental Management Plan. All activities will be completed in accordance with Council and EPA regulations.


What odour will be created and is it safe?

During Phase 2, Odour Control Enclosures were erected over excavation areas. This assists in reducing the impact of the remedial works, minimising vapours emanating from the site and ensures public safety is maintained at all times.


How will dust be managed?

Dust is being managed in accordance with the Environment Protection Act 1970. Excavation works are conducted within large enclosures and existing roads within the site are used as haul roads to reduce the potential for generating dust. Water trucks are on standby to address any dust generated. Wheel washes are also placed at site exits to reduce the potential for soil to be tracked onto public roads.


What are the trucking safety protocols for remediation works?

Transport and disposal of materials is being undertaken in accordance with the Environment Protection Act 1970.


What happens if there is an accident/spill when transporting the soil?

All trucks are required to have an appropriate spill kit readily available at all times during transportation. If soil is spilled, it would be contained and placed back in the truck. It should be noted that a soil spill will not spread like liquid. All EPA registered truck drivers are trained in appropriate emergency response procedures.


Will there be an impact on traffic and if so, how will you manage this?

Enviropacific ensures the protection of residents, businesses and users of the surrounding area during the remediation works which are contained on site.

A Traffic Management Plan has been developed to manage traffic flows to and from the site. Construction equipment will be located on site, and there will be no requirement for on street parking.

Roads around the site have been periodically affected during the remedial works. Further disruptions are likely to occur as part of the future demobilisation of the site in early 2022. Enviropacific will work to ensure any planned short-term traffic disruptions and road closures are undertaken in a way that minimises local impacts. Local and broader community will be informed about disruptions through the project website, social media channels and letter notifications, if necessary.


How many workers will be employed on site and where will they park?

Up to 30 workers are involved in the various remediation activities on site at any one time. Parking is provided for onsite and therefore, on street parking for staff involved in the remedial works is not required. Site induction procedures prepared by Enviropacific will reinforce these protocols


Why did trees need to be removed from site?

Due to the extent of contamination on-site, and to satisfy the requirements of the EPA clean-up notice, much of the site needed to be excavated. Unfortunately, many of the trees on site were located in areas requiring excavation. Trees located in these areas needed to be removed prior to work commencing.

A Vegetation Management Plan (VMP) was implemented to ensure that protocols and permitting requirements for the removal of trees was being followed.


What is the Vegetation Management Plan (VMP)?

The VMP was developed to identify and protect trees that are to remain on site throughout the remediation works and to protect trees located off site that could be impacted by the works. The VMP also establishes protocols for the necessary removal of trees on site required to complete the excavation and remediation of contaminated soil.


Why are there temporary changes to pedestrian access on Alexandra Parade and Smith Street?

Enviropacific has reached a significant milestone at the former Fitzroy Gasworks site. Remediation for parts of the site is now complete, and the remaining areas to be complete in early 2022. During December 2021, Enviropacific will begin to pack down the remediation infrastructure, such as the large white Odour Control Enclosures, and move them offsite (also called demobilising the site).

During this time there may be temporary disruptions to pedestrian access along the Alexandra Parade and Smith Street sides of the site. Enviropacific will work with their contractors to minimise changes to pedestrian access and to provide safe alternatives where needed.

Email us if you have questions at or call us on 1800 560 822.


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Where can I read more about the site and remediation process? For more information, view our project fact sheets:

Contact us

Who do I contact to find out more information about remediation, make a complaint if noise is too loud or report any behaviours seen on site?

Enviropacific are leading the remediation works at Fitzroy Gasworks.

If you have any questions, please email or call 1800 560 822.

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Department of Treasury and Finance




Fitzroy North, Victoria


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